Often asked: What Epilepsy Medications Are Safe During Pregnancy?

What epilepsy medications are not safe during pregnancy?

Valproate (sodium valproate, brand name Epilim) Medicines containing valproate (sodium valproate and valproic acid) can seriously harm the unborn baby if taken during pregnancy. If 100 women take valproate medicines during their pregnancy, about 10 of the babies will be born with physical birth defects.

Which seizure medication has the lowest risk of birth defects?

American Epilepsy Foundation President Daniel Lowenstein, MD, tells WebMD the good news from the Pennell study is the very low rate of problems seen with the newer seizure medication Lamictal. Sixty women in the study took the drug, and problems were seen in just 2% of their children.

Is it safe to take Keppra while pregnant?

Recent studies carried out by the Commission on Human Medicines (CHM), looking at the risks associated with commonly prescribed AEDs shows that lamotrigine (Lamictal) and levetiracetam (Keppra) are safer to use during pregnancy than other AEDs, having low rates of physical birth abnormalities, in line with the

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Do antiepileptics cause birth defects?

However, previous studies consistently have found that babies born to women who take certain antiepileptic medications during pregnancy have an increased risk for birth defects. Studies have shown that valproic acid presents the most risk to the developing baby.

Can epilepsy medication cause miscarriage?

When they analyzed the data with regard to diagnosis, comparing risk of miscarriage in women with epilepsy versus women without epilepsy, the researchers found that there no increase in risk in women with epilepsy taking AEDs.

Is epilepsy high risk pregnancy?

In women with epilepsy, the risk is doubled to about 4% to 6%, but overall remains low. Risks to the developing baby may be greater when more than one type of medication is used and with a higher dose of medication.

Is it safe to take seizure medication while pregnant?

Medication you take during pregnancy can affect your baby. Birth defects — including cleft palate, neural tube defects, skeletal abnormalities, and congenital heart and urinary tract defects — are a few potential side effects associated with anti-seizure medications.

How do you manage epilepsy during pregnancy?

In order to prevent convulsions during labour, proper seizure control should be achieved during the third trimester. Benzodiazepines or phenytoin are found to be effective for seizure cessation during labour and delivery. Phytomenadione should be administered immediately after birth to the newborn.

Can you get pregnant while taking seizure medication?

Fact: Nope! Until recently, studies suggested that women with epilepsy may have fertility problems. But newer research shows that unless you have a prior history of infertility, or a different medical condition that can affect fertility, you have the same likelihood of conceiving as women who don’t have epilepsy.

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What category is Keppra in pregnancy?

US FDA pregnancy category C: Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

Can your baby have seizures in the womb?

Can babies have seizures in the womb? It is thought that foetal seizures, or seizures in the womb, are very rare. They can have many causes and may also be associated with a poor outcome. It is reasonable to assume that a baby who has seizures in the womb will have neurological complications after birth.

Can you tell if your baby has epilepsy in the womb?

There have been some reports on the prenatal diagnosis of seizure-like fetal movement detected by real time ultrasonography or by the pregnant mother (2, 3). In most of these cases, the seizure activity presented as obvious, rapid myoclonic jerking of the fetal extremities (2, 3).

What can cause seizures during pregnancy?

Eclampsia is a severe complication of preeclampsia. It’s a rare but serious condition where high blood pressure results in seizures during pregnancy. Seizures are periods of disturbed brain activity that can cause episodes of staring, decreased alertness, and convulsions (violent shaking).

Can Epilepsy be passed from mother to child?

Most children will not inherit epilepsy from a parent, but the chance of inheriting some types of epilepsy is higher.

Can smoking during pregnancy cause epilepsy?

Prenatal maternal cigarette smoking was associated with a twofold increase in the risk of a simple febrile seizure (95% confidence interval 1.2-3.4), and a strong dose-response relation was found.

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